What views are worth thinking about in the book ＂The Tao Te Ching＂？
2024-03-05 02:42:45 284
"Tao Te Ching" Chapter 25: Dao Fa is real time news websitenatural, what is nature?
Tao Te Ching · Chapter 25
There are things mixed, congenital.Silent, independent, do not change, do not change Zhou, can be the mother of the world.I do n’t know the name, the strong word is said, and the name is big.Da Yue passed away, the death was far away, and the distance was reversed.The old Tao is big, the sky is large, the earth is large, and the people are also large.There are four major in the domain, and the people live in one.Human law, earth law, heaven, heaven and law, Taoism is natural.
There is something mixed, and it exists before the formation of heaven and earth.It has no sound, no shape, and does not rely on any external forces to survive independently. It runs through and never fails. It can be used as a mother of all things in the world.I don't know its name, and agrees to call it "Tao"; reluctantly describes it, saying it is boundless.The vast number of endless running, endless operation, far endless, far endless and returned to the original.Therefore, Daoda, Tianda, Da Da, and people are big.There are four major in the entire universe, and people are one of them.People take the law, land to the law, and the heavens "Tao", and Dao Chun is natural.
[Ask Dao Lao Tzu]
Classmate Zhou:Mr., about "human law, land, heaven, heaven and law, Taoism nature", how can I understand?
Lao Tzu:Very good question, classmate Zhou.First of all, let's discuss "human land".Human beings are the spirit of all things, right?
Classmate Zhou:Yes, sir.
Lao Tzu:Compared with other animals, human beings have powerful abilities to transform nature.However, so far, we can only transform nature within a limited range, and cannot affect the entire earth.In the history of human development, we cannot ignore the promotion and restriction of the geographical environment.How did ancient people look for places suitable for living?
Classmate Zhou (thinking face): It is mainly determined by finding water sources. Water is not only the source of life, but also the basis of farming and animal husbandry.
Lao Tzu:That's right!In those arid areas, such as deserts, if there is no river, it is not suitable for human living.And those rainy principles are more suitable for human reproduction.The villages along the river gradually became linked and eventually formed a city.Do you know which rivers in the four major civilizations of ancient times are related to?
Classmate Zhou: There are Yellow River and the Yangtze River in China, the Nile River in Egypt, the Indian River and the Ganges of India, and the Babylonian River in Babylon.
Lao Tzu: Yes, the differences in geographical conditions have caused different economic foundations.The vast land of the East is suitable for the development of agriculture, and the terrain of the western islands is suitable for trade.Therefore, the East is dominated by agriculture and formed a farming economy; while the West is mainly commercial for marine trade.
Classmate Zhou:So, the emotions of the Oriental people are stronger than the West?
Lao Tzu (nodded):Yes, because the Oriental people relied more on agriculture, they relied on the land; and Westerners rely more on trade, so they are keen to adventure.The differences in the geographical environment have also led to the differences in the philosophy and culture of the East and the West.Do you know why?
Classmate Zhou:Sir, I don't know this.
Lao Tzu:Philosophy and cultural thoughts must be based on the foundation of the economic foundation, or the natural environment that adapts to the local economic conditions.In the same geographical environment, human beings seem to have many choices, but there is only one way.The Oriental people were born on the earth and looked at the land.As long as there is land, we can survive. In order to protect the land under our feet, we have established a philosophical system based on the "family system".In this familiar land, everyone knows each other, and most of them are relatives and friends, so we are a "human" society.
Classmate Zhou:I see.
Lao Tzu: Westerners see a piece of islands. They must rely on trade as a living, so they have established a philosophical system based on the "city -state system".People do not know each other, but they need to be traded. This requires principles. This principle is "contract".
Classmate Zhou (confused):So, which philosophical thinking is better?
Lao Tzu: In fact, there is no difference between good and bad, but it is adapting to different environments.So we often say that one side raises one person.The adaptation of people's geographical environment is "human law".
Classmate Zhou:Sir, what is the meaning of "earth law"?
Lao Tzu:Haha, you are really a curious baby.How is geographical conditions formed?To a large extent, it depends on the climate, including changes in precipitation, temperature and season.These differences directly affect the landforms and also affect the growth and reproduction of tens of thousands of things in this land.For example, if a region does not rain for a long time, it will gradually become a desert.For another example, Jiayan built nests in spring, frogs sang in summer, geese flying south in autumn, and hedgehogs dormant in winter.Everything on the land changes with the changes in the seasonal climate, which is called "land law".
Classmate Zhou:What do you think of 'Taoism'?
Lao Tzu:What is the change in seasonal climate?Based on Tao.The movement of the counter -Tao will derive the periodic law.There are differences in the seasons of the year.Imagine that if we are eliminating the time to observe the earth, will the climate be a long -lasting time?
Classmate Zhou:It should not be.
Lao Tzu: The earth changes in the glacier period and the cycle of ice.The glacier period refers to the period when the surface of the earth is covered with large -scale glaciers, and the inter -ice period is a relatively warm period between the two ice periods.The time scale of this cycle can reach tens of thousands of years, bringing tremendous changes to the global climate.The closest time we are the fourth discipline.
Classmate Zhou:Sir, how to understand "Tao Fa Nature"?
Lao Tzu:This is the end.
Classmate Zhou:In the end?
Lao Tzu:Yes, if there is still a problem in the answer to a question, it is not the final answer."Dao Fa is natural", Tao is the final answer, that's it, it is impossible to continue to find the reason.
Classmate Zhou:I see.Thank you Mr., I learned a lot today.